Whereas the traditional juvenile justice model focuses attention on offender rehabilitation and the current get-tough changes focus on offense punishment, the restorative model focuses on balancing the needs of victims, offenders, and communities (Bazemore and Umbreit, 1995). The criminal justice system cannot remain an expensive way of giving the public a break from offenders, before they return to commit more crimes. We have a higher percentage of our population in prison than any other developed nation. We believe that providing negative consequences for off-limits behaviors will lead to avoidance of those behaviors, and the goal is not to exact revenge but to better enable children to function in society. Should the Juvenile Justice system should focus on rehabilitation CSS/240 January 17, 2011 University Of Phoenix There has been much of a debate over whether or not punishment or rehabilitation should be the prime focus of the Juvenile Justice system. The scale of the problem of Youth crime is a growing concern.Many young offenders are also victims of broken homes, poverty and domestic violence. The juvenile justice system focuses on those under the age of 18. Objectives The juvenile court was envisioned as a system of justice that would reha-bilitate and punish young offenders. It sounded pro-defendant, but legislatures fought back in the only way they could, with mandatory sentencing laws. About time to start trying to develop a rehabilitation system, isn't it? you think juveniles should be charged as adults? Juvenile cases focus on rehabilitation over punishment. 2 Introduction When it comes to what the juvenile should focus on in terms of rehabilitation or punishment, there would be a heated debated on the matter. The Juvenile Justice system should focus on rehabilitation but in today's society we face criminals under the age of 18 who are chosen (by gangs, for example) to commit crimes because juvenile punishment is less. Legal advocates assert that juvenile justice system should opt for rehabilitation instead of punishment. Incarceration doesn’t offer for one to be helped, unless one is in the process of rehabilitation or other alternative program while “behind bars.” Rehabilitation is less widely used on adult offenders, as it is popular with juvenile … Many have different opinions and views in conjunction to why they support rehabilitation or punishment. We know what punishment is. California’s juvenile justice system has an array of methods and programs for addressing juvenile crime, as it takes into account the severity of the offense and the background of the offender. All the Yes points: Which is a better general justifying aim for punishment?\Rehabilitation is the most valuable ideol… Which approach has greater regard for the offender?\Rehabilitation has another important value – i… The goal of juvenile court systems is to rehabilitate minors and serve their best interest. Thus for the system to function, some juveniles on a selective basis must be subject to trial and punishment as adults. Very few were considered “average.” All of them had something in common: They had committed a felony before turning 16. Second, there are many dangers associated with juveniles in prison. Though, “today, in almost every state, youths who are 13 or 14 years of age (or less) can be tried and punished as adults for a broad range of offenses, including nonviolent crimes.” (Piquero & Steinberg, n.d.) Judges presiding over juvenile court cases have many options to sift through. retribution, deterrence, and incapacitating, not rehabilitation” (Egelko). Rehabilitation Versus Incarceration of Juvenile Offenders: Public Preferences in Four Models for Change States Executive Summary Alex Piquero and Laurence Steinberg Over the past few decades, American juvenile justice policy has become progressively more punitive. Should the criminal justice system focus more on rehabilitation than retribution? Punishment and retribution create more harm than benefits and should therefore not be the focus. By paying attention to positive youth development, recognizing and providing treatment for mental illness and offering sufficient educational opportunities, the juvenile justice system can reach a greater level of effectiveness in the future. Many of the children I taught were either extremely intelligent, or extremely lacking in their education. In the 1970s, when major changes were being made to the U.S. prison system, psychologists had little hard data to contribute. Rehabilitation programmes not only prevent crime, but are cost-effective and practical. Lastly, the harsh sentencing laws make it easier to try juveniles as adults. Each one of these objectives will be addressed. The punishment system isn't working too well. Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation University of Phoenix Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation Rehabilitation over Punishment, why one is better or more effective than the other, in order to answer this questions one must understand what each means. It started with Earl Warren’s exclusionary rule. The juvenile justice system should focus on rehabilitation because of the diverse benefits. The justice system and the community have beliefs on punishment and rehabilitation and how they should or should not work. Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation University of Phoenix Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation Rehabilitation over Punishment, why one is better or more effective than the other, in order to answer this questions one must understand what each means. The first result to appear on a Google search was Not Kids Anymore: A Need for Punishment and Deterrence in the Juvenile Justice System. As for rehabilitation for the offender, California is slowly, but surely committing resources to prisons so that programs of education, training, and counseling are provided. This can increase the chances of turning the juvenile offenders into better and civilized citizens and become the stable citizens. “Our juvenile justice system has been developed to protect and rehabilitate children — not to punish them,” Kirkpatrick said. The reasons for this debate are important to our society because of the growing rate of people incarcerated and then returning. My primary reason is because they have the ability to be rehabilitated. But what do we need to do to implement a system that restores justice to the whole community? Although the foundation of juvenile justice is rehabilitation, scholars would argue punitive goals have made its way into the juvenile justice system too (Troutman, 2018). CJS 240 Week 9 Final Punishment versus Rehabilitation CJS 240 Week 9 Capstone DQ CJS 240 Week 8 Checkpoint Drug Use and Delinquency Response CJS 240 Week 8 … Worse yet! It appears the Juvenile Justice System paradigm swings between punitive and rehabilitation just like the adult criminal justice system. Juvenile Justice System Should Focus On Punishment. Deterrence of Crime Deterrence theory comes down to if an offender commits a crime the benefit should outweigh the crime itself, if not, the offender will think twice before committing another crime. The latter is considered as unpleasant and may impact on the psychosocial make-up of a child, thus, causing stigma or isolation as they are left alone to handle their emotional setbacks while meting out punishment following a court decision declaring their guilt. One of the biggest differences between adult and juvenile criminal court is the idea that, more often than not, juvenile cases will focus more on rehabilitation rather than punishment. REHABILITATION IN JUVENILE SYSTEM. The penal system should focus on these options to assess what is best for society and the community. Rehabilitation Beats Punishment for Juveniles. Junenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation Essay 1729 Words | 7 Pages. The idea of punishment is closely associated with the idea of rehabilitation when we employ it with children, for example. we have he highest recidivism rate in the free world. How can the society contribute to therapeutic inclusion and intervention philosophy, for greater reduction in recidivism compared with punitive approaches? That however, was not the case. To help shift the focus from punishment to rehabilitation, psychologists are doing research on the causes of crime and the psychological effects of incarceration. When searching this question, I expected there to be a complete consensus among the first page results on the side of rehabilitation for juveniles who have committed heinous crimes. We plan to transform the administration of punishment in this country to make it more robust and credible. alternative models of juvenile justice, such as the restorative justice model. In the past, the focus has gone from punishment to rehabilitation and back again. However, studies have not directly measured or examined support for "balanced" juvenile justice - that is, support for simultaneously employing juvenile rehabilitation and punishment to sanction youth - or how beliefs Prison is to show the wrongdoing of criminal’s actions and illegal activities (rehabilitation vs. retribution). He said when a juvenile commits a crime, the matter is often diverted before a case is even filed. Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation University of Phoenix Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation Rehabilitation over Punishment, why one is better or more effective than the other, in order to answer this questions one must understand what each means. Prisons will become places of hard work and industry, instead of enforced idleness. The juvenile justice system should adopt the rehabilitation strategy because it is helpful for the treatment and healing of the juvenile offenders. The issue I have chosen is whether the prison system should focus more on rehabilitation or punishment and this is a controversial problem currently. They have complex emotional needs which requires a balance of welfare and justice models. A continued and growing focus on opportunities for reform and rehabilitation in the juvenile justice system has hopes for lessening the number of offenders. Explanation: The adult and the juvenile justice system differ in several ways because the aim of the adult system is punishment and rehabilitation while the aim of the juvenile justice system is rehabilitation. Rehabilitation helps ease the offender’s reentry into society (Wikipedia, 2007). Approaches to crime that rely on punitive methods have proved to be ineffective and counter-productive. This is all the definition of punishment, is to have shown the consequences of one’s actions and that they should … Punishment exists on a spectrum: from criminal fines and suspended sentences in the community, to deprivation of liberty in prisons and then to capital punishment. California’s adult justice system has punishment of offenders as a goal, while the state’s juvenile justice system has the goal of treatment and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. ... 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