Maybe he will stop being angry, and then we will not die. But let examples illustrate this. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. the Ninevites; though very wrongly: or "who is he that knows"; Yet they believed in Him, as the Supreme God, “the” object of awe, the God אלהים 'ĕlohı̂ym Jonah 3:5, Jonah 3:8, האלהים ha'ĕlohı̂ym Jonah 3:9, although they knew Him not, as He Is, the Self-Existent One. Perhaps God will change his mind; perhaps he will stop being angry, and we will not die! Jonah 3:9. that we perish not? The Jews stumbled at Christ's death, the very fact which ought to have led them to Him, as Jonah's entombment attracted the Ninevites to his message. . Jonah 3:1-10 . God may turn and relent; He may turn from His burning anger so that we will not perish. Jonah was not disobedient, as he had been. Who knows? Maybe God will turn around and change his mind about us, quit being angry with us and let us live! God repented: this is spoken as before, Jonah 3:9, (and as his seeing is attributed to him,) after the manner of man, and must be applied unto our unchangeable God so as may not reflect any blemish upon his truth, constancy, or immutability. Perhaps God will change his mind; perhaps he will stop being angry, and we will not die! he speaks here not as nor as absolutely doubting, but as between hope and fear: for, by the light of nature, it is not certain that God will pardon men upon repentance; it is only probable or possible he may; neither the light of nature nor the law of Moses connect repentance and remission of sins, it is the Gospel does this; and it is only by the Gospel revelation that any can be … Jonah finds himself in a similar situation with God. 3. arose and went--like the son who was at first disobedient to the father's command, "Go work in my vineyard," but who afterwards "repented and went" ( Matthew 21:28 Matthew 21:29 ). God may reconsider his plans and turn from his burning anger so that we won't die. ", Jonah 3:9 (GW) It became a national act, and it was necessary it should be so, when it was to prevent a national ruin. Who knows? God's sparing Nineveh, when in the jaws of destruction, on the first dawn of repentance encourages the timid penitent, and shows beforehand that Israel's doom, soon after accomplished, is to be ascribed, not to unwillingness to forgive on God's part, but to their own obstinate impenitence. ', Jonah sent again to Nineveh, preaches there. 3 Now the word of the Lord came to Jonah the second time, saying, 2 “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you.” 3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord.Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, [] a three-day journey in extent. The Septuagint and Arabic versions prefix to this the word God might take pity on us. ), Jonah 3:9 (YLT) To the Ninevites he was not merely a prophet, but himself a wonder in the earth, as one who had tasted of death, and yet had not seen corruption, but had now returned to witness among them for God. When Jonah fainted away in consequence of the sun-stroke (for hith‛allēph, see at Amos 8:13), he wished himself dead, since death was better for him than life (see Jonah … It is not enough to fast for sin, but we must fast from sin; and, in order to the success of our prayers, we must no more regard iniquity in our hearts, ( Psalms 66:18 ) . three days' journey--that is, about sixty miles, allowing about twenty miles for a day's journey. Jonah 3:9 (NIRV) JONAH'S SECOND COMMISSION TO NINEVEH: THE NINEVITES REPENT OF THEIR EVIL WAY: SO GOD REPENTS OF THE EVIL THREATENED. The Ninevites hearken to the cry of Jonah, believe in God, and repent. . Repentance derives all its efficacy from the death of Christ, just as Jonah's message derived its weight with the Ninevites from his entombment. ', Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise), Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Who knows? ", Jonah 3:9 (TMBA) God might take pity on us. God may relent and change his mind; he may turn from his fierce anger, so that we do not perish.". God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish.”. Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? Jonah 3:9 (DBY) We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Who knoweth but that God will turn and repent, and will turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? Jonah 3:9 (BBE) sackcloth--In the East outward actions are often used as symbolical expressions of inward feelings. which some connect with the next word, "he will return": that is, 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord.Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. To do evil that good may come, is a policy which can only come from Satan; but from evil already done to extract an instrument against the kingdom of darkness, is a triumphant display of the grace and wisdom of God. Maybe God will change his mind, relent and turn from his fierce anger; and then we won't perish.". We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. HERODOTUS defines a day's journey to be one hundred fifty stadia; so three days' journey will not be much below DIODORUS' estimate. Jonah faithfully and boldly delivered his errand. Jonah 3:9 (ASV) Who knoweth but that God will turn and repent, and will turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? Hoping for mercy. God's servants must go where he sends them, come when he calls them, and do what he bids them; we must do whatever the word of the Lord commands. The length thus was greater than the breadth; compare Jonah 3:4 , "a day's journey," which is confirmed by heathen writers and by modern measurements. . God repented: this is spoken as before, Jonah 3:9, (and as his seeing is attributed to him,) after the manner of man, and must be applied unto our unchangeable God so as may not reflect any blemish upon his truth, constancy, or immutability. They dared not presume, but they did not despair. Perhaps even yet God will change his mind and hold back his fierce anger from destroying us.”, Jonah 3:9 (NRS) Yonah 3:9 (OJB) Who knows? He might turn away from his burning anger. On the former occasion the specific object of his commission to Nineveh was declared; here it is indeterminate. A very small degree of light may convince men that humbling themselves before God, confessing their sins with prayer, and turning from sin, are means of escaping wrath and obtaining mercy. [21] The work of a fast-day is not done with the day. There is in the meaning of the Prophet nothing ambiguous, for he introduces the king here as expressing a doubt, Who knows whether God will be reconciled to us? Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from His fierce anger, that we perish not? Who knoweth whether God will not turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? Jonah 3:9 (NLT) Thus God, who brings good from evil, made Jonah in his fall, punishment, and restoration, a sign (an embodied lesson or living symbol) through which the Ninevites were roused to hear and repent, as they would not have been likely to do, had he gone on the first commission before his living entombment and resurrection. Who knows? From Koyunjik to Nimroud is about eighteen miles; from Khorsabad to Karamless, the same; from Koyunjik to Khorsabad, thirteen or fourteen miles; from Nimroud to Karamless, fourteen miles. And should it not awaken us to get ready for death, to consider that we cannot be so sure that we shall live forty days, as Nineveh then was that it should stand forty days? Compare Abraham's reasoning, Genesis 18:25 , Ezekiel 18:21-25 , Jeremiah 18:7-10 . In prayer we must cry mightily, with fixedness of thought, firmness of faith, and devout affections. What was really a change in them and in God's corresponding dealings is, in condescension to human conceptions, represented as a change in God (compare Exodus 32:14 ), who, in His essential righteousness and mercy, changeth not ( Numbers 23:19 , 1 Samuel 15:29 , Malachi 3:6 , 1:17 ). Evil Ways is “Works” and Not Bible Repentance. It is no longer a cry against the sins of Nineveh, but an announcement of its ruin in forty days. 3 And the word of the Lord came unto Jonah the second time, saying, 2 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee. Jonah 3:9 (CEB) Who can tell Jonah 3:9 (CEBA) They recognized Jonah as God's messenger; they recognized God's power as able to execute the threat, and they had confidence in his mercy if they repented. 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. In Luke 11:30 it is said that Jonas was not only a sign to the men in Christ's time, but also "unto the Ninevites." that knows the transgressions he is guilty of, will return, as But God was merciful and offered another chance. Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. Then () he cried out and said, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!”. In chapter 1, we saw Jonah trying to run away from God. "Who knows, God may turn and relent and withdraw His burning anger so that we will not perish." The meaning ventus, qualis flat tempore arandi, derived from chârish, the ploughing (Abulw. Jonah 4:6, "[~Yahweh] ['Elohiym]," the compound name of God found in the Book of Genesis. "Who knows, God may turn and relent and withdraw His burning anger so that we will not perish.". 8. cry . Who knoweth, if God be converted, and forgive, and be turned away from strong vengeance of his wrath, and we shall not perish? It condemns the men of the gospel generation, ( Matthew 12:41 ) . Jonah 4:4 "[~Yahweh]," meaning God the Creator is used. We hence see that the king was not overwhelmed with despair for he still thought of a remedy; and this is the purport of the verse. . God may see this and turn from his wrath, so that we might not perish. Perhaps even yet God will change his mind and hold back his fierce anger from destroying us.”, Who knows? 2. preach . 4 Jonah began by going a day's journey into the city, proclaiming, 'Forty more days and Nineveh will be overthrown.' the preaching--literally, "proclaim the proclamation." Who knows? 3. arose and went --like the son who was at first disobedient to the father's command, "Go work in my vineyard," but who afterwards "repented and went" ( Matthew 21:28 Matthew 21:29 ). We should be alarmed if we were sure not to live a month, yet we are careless though we are not sure to live a day. Who knows? turn--Prayer without reformation is a mockery of God ( Psalms 66:18 , Isaiah 58:6 ). fast . Guilty Jonah saved from the jaws of death gives a ray of hope to guilty Nineveh. Who knows? Thus the sign had a twofold aspect, a direct bearing on the Ninevites, an indirect bearing on the Jews in Christ's time. God’s will in this mission is sovereign. The Book of Jonah is a book of the Nevi'im ("Prophets") in the Hebrew Bible.It tells of a Hebrew prophet named Jonah son of Amittai who is sent by God to prophesy the destruction of Nineveh but tries to escape the divine mission. The fact that repentance is not a condition for receiving eternal life. Jonah 3:9 (RSV) Whether Jonah said more, to show the anger of God against them, or whether he only repeated these words again and again, is not certain, but this was the purport of his message. Re… Who knows, God may yet repent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we perish not? "Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee." So fasting and clothing in sackcloth were customary in humiliation. 2 Pe 3:9, “ The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.” and He did not do it. God may relent and change his mind; he may turn from his fierce anger, so that we do not perish.". . Today, in Jonah 3, we are going to see Jonah running with God. Who can tell? who can tell whether god will turne and repent and cease from his fearce wrathe that we perish not? . Who can tell if God will turn and relent, and turn away from His fierce anger, so that we may not perish? His making use of us is an evidence of his being at peace with us. that knows the ways of repentance, he will return, as Kimchi and (1-4) Nineveh is spared upon the repentance of the inhabitants. Jonah does not say how they were thus persuaded. Existing ruins show that Nineveh acquired its greatest extent under the kings of the second dynasty, that is, the kings mentioned in Scripture; it was then that Jonah visited it, and the reports of its magnificence were carried to the west [LAYARD]. The reason why the announcement of destruction was made absolute, and not dependent on Nineveh's continued impenitence, was that this form was the only one calculated to rouse them; and at the same time it was a truthful representation of God's purpose towards Nineveh under its existing state, and of Nineveh's due. Let us boldly cast ourselves down at the footstool of free grace, and God will look upon us with compassion. . He thought, Who knows? They could not be so confident of finding mercy upon their repentance, as we may be, who have the death and merits of Christ, to which we may trust for pardon upon repentance. 4 And Jonah began to enter the city on the first day’s walk. The more definite form of the denunciation implies that Nineveh has now almost filled up the measure of her guilt. On the latter occasion ( Matthew 16:1-4 ) when the Pharisees and Sadducees tempted Him, asking a sign from heaven, He answered, "No sign shall be given, but the sign of the prophet Jonas," Matthew 12:39 . Jonah 3:9 (WEB) And God saw their words, that they turned from their evil way, &c.] Not their outward works, in putting on sackcloth and ashes, and fasting; but their inward works, their faith in him, and repentance towards him; and which were attended with fruits and works meet for repentance, in that they forsook their former course of life, and refrained from it; and these he saw not barely with his eye … Jonah Flees From the Lord. Jonah and his Antitype alike appeared low and friendless among their hearers; both victims to death for God's wrath against sin, both preaching repentance. PRINCIPLE: In the third chapter of the Book of Jonah, Jonah finally reaches Nineveh, and starts preaching repentance and reformation to the people there. All rights reserved. The parallelogram in Central Assyria covered with remains of buildings has Khorsabad northeast; Koyunjik and Nebbi Yunus near the Tigris, northwest; Nimroud, between the Tigris and the Zab, southwest; and Karamless, at a distance inward from the Zab, southeast. They looked for a Messiah gloriously coming in the clouds of heaven; the Messiah, on the contrary, is to pass through a like, though a deeper, humiliation than Jonah; He is to lie "in the heart of the earth." Jonah 3:9 (ESV) ), Who knoweth? As Jonah's restoration gave hope of God's placability to Nineveh, so Christ's resurrection assures us God is fully reconciled to man by Christ's death. Jonah 3:9 (KJV) 1 And the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the second time, saying,. "saying", and take them to be, not the words of the king, but of The only ground which their ready faith rested on, was the fact of God sending one to warn them, instead of destroying them at once; this suggested the thought of a possibility of pardon. God may relent and change his mind and turn {from his blazing anger} {so that} we will not perish.". . By David J. Stewart | June 2017. He thought, Who knows? The story has a long interpretive history and has become well known through popular children's stories. But in the case of Nineveh, God granted a double mercy: first, that its people should repent immediately after threatening; second, that pardon should immediately follow their repentance. ", Jonah 3:9 (NAS) Jonah 3 New King James Version (NKJV) Jonah Preaches at Nineveh. God may see this and turn from his wrath, so that we might not perish. Proud member In this discussion of Jonah 3:9 we look at: The king’s statement that he hoped God would repent. Maybe God will change his mind, relent and turn from his fierce anger; and then we won't perish.". God may relent and change his mind and turn {from his blazing anger} {so that} we will not perish.". ", Jonah 3:9 (WYC) Jonah 4:9, "[~'Elohiym]," the Ruler of Nature sends the east wind. Maybe God will turn around and change his mind about us, quit being angry with us and let us live! Jonah 3:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Jonah 3:9, NIV: "Who knows?God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish.'" Jonah 3:9 (NCV) Then we won't die. (Who knoweth, if God shall not be converted, or shall not change his thinking, and forgive us, and turn away from the strong vengeance of his anger, and then we shall not perish!) Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. ", Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from His fierce anger, that we perish not?". Of free grace, and we shall not perish. ``, Jonah 3:9 ( RSV ) Who tell! 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Repent, and turn from his fierce anger, jonah 3:9 meaning we perish not for that. Of Divine grace, for affliction of itself would rather drive men from God ; believed God! This question is increased as we call to mind the ignorance of the Deity is the great encouragement repentance... For want of food remind their owners to cry to God that the name belonged. Proclaimed, and turn away from his fierce anger so that we will not ”... Sell My personal Information not perish. `` your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass,! Being angry, and devout affections knows, God may turn from his fierce anger ; and we... Cease from his wrath, so that we do not perish. `` perhaps yet. ( Hitzig ), or autumnal east wind them with the more awe Jonah 1 English Standard Version NIV!
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