Biden to be excommunicated (if Father Byers become Pope) Joe Biden has spent a lifetime trying his level best to push for ever more millions of innocent little children in the womb to suffer being torn limb from limb, sucked into vacuums with shredding blades, having them melted with acid and all the gruesomeness of procured abortion. Any ruler can ask for another ruler of the same religious denomination to be excommunicated if: 1. We only know that He has promised that the forces of evil will not prevail over His Church; how He wishes to go about protecting the Church is of course entirely up to Him. 1370) A priest who in confession solicits another to violate the sixth commandment (can. For very technical reasons which are outside the scope of this piece, theologians and canonists generally hold that such acts by a Pope in this situation would be illicit, yet valid; but all the uncertainty and chaos that this would cause in any event is painfully obvious. His successor Pope Clement VIII made thousands of changes, without guilt. Nothing a valid Pope can say or do will cause him to be excommunicated, as every Pope is preserved from apostasy, heresy, and schism by the grace of God. Bishops, priests and distributors of Communion, take note: Failure to excommunicate Pelosi if she does not repent would be a huge public scandal that would undermine the credibility of the Roman Catholic Church. Perhaps the most gripping story of excommunication is that of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, who was excommunicated three times by Pope Gregory VII. To cite only one of the necessary conditions, a Catholic is not liable to a penalty if he didn’t know that a penalty was attached to the action he committed (c. 1323 n. 2). the Vatican’s 1988 declaration of the excommunication of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, Are They Excommunicated? 5. Does not sound like there is an excommunication on the horizon by the Pope. So (for example) if this imaginary Pope was being threatened, and committed the offense under duress, then no sanction would be incurred, as per canon 1323 n. 3. Probably the biggest problem here is that these two Latin terms are simply untranslatable into English. But for the sake of argument, let’s say that a Pope commits some crime punishable by latae sententiae excommunication, and he fulfills all the conditions of canon 1323. –Mike. John relented in 1213 and was restored to communion. Archbishop Lefebvre consecrated new bishops without the mandate of the Holy Father, in violation of canon 1382, and was well aware that his action was punishable by excommunication latae sententiae—yet he did it anyway. So it is indeed correct to say that Pius XII’s Constitution explicitly allows an excommunicated cardinal to be validly elected pope. So could the Church ever conceivably be headed by an excommunicated Pope? Recently a series of stories burbled through the mainstream media suggesting that Nancy Pelosi has been excommunicated or denied Communion by the Vatican. {12:3} But he said to them: “Have you not read what David did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him: A ferendae sententiae excommunication is not incurred ipso facto, by virtue of the law itself; rather, it is imposed by church authorities, much like a judge in a civil court imposing a sentence on someone convicted of a crime (cf. The Virus and the Bishops: Twisting a Vatican Document to Further an Agenda. But as we’ve just seen, if a Pope were to be excommunicated latae sententiae, nobody in the Vatican has the authority to make a declaration like this. But for the sake of argument, let’s say that a Pope commits some crime punishable by latae sententiae excommunication, and he fulfills all the conditions of canon 1323. They may do it anyway, but the number of people that will follow them would be significantly lower if they are excommunicated and stripped from cardinalate. The Pope then served John with Excommunication. It even looks disturbing written out on paper: E.x.c.o.m.m.u.n.i.c.a.t.i.o.n. 4. If the information on this website has helped you, please consider making a contribution so that it can continue to help others. Cathy Caridi, J.C.L., is an American canon lawyer who practices law and teaches in Rome. This is a dogma of the First Vatican Council. I don’t believe the current pope has excommunicated anyone. as-a-child October 7, 2008, 10:32pm #2. Gorgias January 27, 2017, 2:27pm #2. the blog of Ronald L. Conte Jr., Roman Catholic theologian and Bible translator, Pope Francis vs. Pope Paul IV’s Ex Apostolatus Officio, A list of my Roman Catholic theology books and booklets, A Primer on Roman Catholic Salvation Theology, The Certainty of Salvation for Prenatals who die before birth, The Many Errors of Religious Fundamentalism, What Saint Bellarmine really said about Popes and Heresy, Eschatological Commentary on the Apocalypse of John, Important Dates In The Lives Of Jesus And Mary, Writing of the Gospels and Biblical Inerrancy, Great Catholic Monarch and the Angelic Shepherd, Three Days of Darkness and the Time of Peace, On Speculative Theology and Eschatology [Free PDF], Original Sin and the Immaculate Conception, Roman Catholic Teaching on Abortion and Contraception, Roman Catholic Teaching on Cooperation with Evil, The Reproach of Christ – Collected Posts: 2007-2014. Anything that the Pope is able to change or dispense from, the Pope is not held to obey. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. What about ferendae sententiae penalties? Pope Francis can’t be excommunicated. Roman Catholic theologian and translator of the Catholic Public Domain Version of the Bible. First of all, it’s worth noting that an incredibly small number of Catholics around the world even understand what excommunication really is. This canon provides a whole list of situations, any one of which will render a person not liable to a penalty. What are the consequences for someone who is excommunicated? Words echoed throughout the conservative media as words of the “true cardinal” with hidden or overt comments how he must be the next pope. A few eventchains can also lead to exco… For John this was a serious blow to his ability to rule the country as it absolved the King's subjects from their oaths of alliegance, gave the Barons reason to revolt and allowed the King of France to invade England to remove John from power. This being said, it is extremely misleading to say that a latae sententiae penalty is “automatic.”  That’s because, as we’ve just seen, all the conditions outlined in canon 1323 must first be in place for the penalty to be effected. God absolutely prevents the Church from ever going astray by accepting a false or invalid Pope. You can’t act as Pope any more, because you’re under excommunication!”  That’s because, as canon 1404 tells us tersely, the First See is judged by no one. Jesus (Lk 22:32) promised that he would pray for Peter and his successors, so that their faith would not fail, and so that each Pope would then turn and confirm the faith of the body of Bishops (implying that their faith, as a body, will not fail). And his disciples, being hungry, began to separate the grain and to eat. This fact cannot be emphasized enough—in part because the world seems to have more than its share of hyper-scrupulous Catholics who fret that they may somehow have been excommunicated accidentally, without realizing exactly what happened or why. If not, Pope Benedict paved the way for her excommunication. Please take a look at this list of my books and booklets, and see if any topic interests you. The take-away from all of this is that it is very difficult to get excommunicated from the Catholic Church. When I have asked others about this in the past, the response has usually been, “God forbid that a Pope would do such a thing!” I agree with that sentiment, of course, but it dodges the question. But since the Pope’s faith cannot fail, he cannot commit apostasy, heresy, or schism, and so he cannot be excommunicated by reason of any of those sins. Those guilty ones should be stripped from the cardinalate as well, without any further mercy or delay. He acts freely and with full knowledge, without fear or coercion; he is well aware that he will be excommunicated as a … Therefore, the Pope can never be excommunicated. Excommunication can be a frightening word. Some of these acts could conceivably be performed by a Pope; for instance, it seems a Pope could help procure an abortion. Please check the Archives first–it’s likely your question was already addressed. We are all much more at home with the way this category of penalties works, as it basically mirrors the legal procedures of modern countries. Papal critics: “Let us explain to you why Pope Francis is wrong.” 2. According to the Code of Canon Law of 1917, the excommunications reserved to the Apostolic See were grouped in three categories, those reserved 1. simply, 2. in a special manner, 3. in a most special manner (each solvable by the Pope and by those priests the Pope had delegated the faculty to absolve for precisely that degree); and below the excommunications reserved to the bishop (which … According to this classification, as a general rule, only the pope can absolve from the first two kinds of excommunication, although his power extends to the others; bishops (ordinaries), but not other priests, can remove excommunications of the third class; finally, those of the fourth class, and those only, can be revoked by any approved priest, without further special delegation. Excommunication is meant to send an urgent message to a Catholic that by his actions, he has taken himself outside the fold of the Church, and needs to cease those actions and come back. etc. First of all, if a Pope were to commit a crime punishable by a latae sententiae excommunication, like any other Catholic he would have to fulfill all of the conditions listed in canon 1323, for the excommunication to be incurred. A Pope can only be removed from office by death or by resignation. Too many people think that excommunication is some sort of a cudgel, with which the Catholic Church beats its errant members—but far from it! It is a dogmatic fact that Pope Francis is the valid Roman Pontiff. Cuomo, contra Peters, I think he not only should, but also can be excommunicated … These are sacrilege, breaking the seal of the confessional and giving … 1 It is the most serious penalty the Church can inflict, and is used only in the most severe cases. Let’s walk our way through this complicated issue step by step. What is the pastoral approach to something like this? {12:2} Then the Pharisees, seeing this, said to him, “Behold, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbaths.” The pope could only excommunicate himself latae sentencae, and even then, it would only affect his person, not the office. Pope Francis has already met with Martin with a much publicized build up to that meeting, which I believe Marin called "Fruitful". Therefore, Pope Francis cannot be excommunicated. But those cardinals who rebel, can and must be excommunicated. Can a Pope be automatically excommunicated? Often the excommunication is automatic of you break some rule…but that depends on whether your state of mind knowledge etc really make it an excommunicable offense. Secondly, Howard rightly mentions that certain crimes are punishable by latae sententiae excommunication. And when a man is accepted by the body of Bishops as the Roman Pontiff, he is certainly the valid true Pope. No. Pope Sixtus V forbid anyone from changing his edition of the Latin Vulgate Bible. Sarah is even worse. Now what? His excommunication thus occurred ipso facto, without the Vatican doing a thing; but because many Catholic clergy and laypeople were involved in various ways with Lefebvre and his Society of St. Pius X, and because there was a lot of confusion about the legality of what he was doing, the Vatican wisely made a formal pronouncement on the matter, so as to clarify Lefebvre’s status as a Catholic bishop in a public, official way. An excommunicated individual can still hold office - removal from office is a separate disciplinary action. (‘Heresy’ Defined),” we discussed the fact that the Code of Canon Law contains no direct, specific answer to the question of whether a Pope could fall into heresy. And there’s nothing automatic about that—on the contrary, it’s a safe bet that most Catholics who commit crimes punishable by latae sententiae excommunication are not actually excommunicated as a result. • King John of England, excommunicated in 1208 by Pope Innocent III after refusing to accept Cardinal Stephen Langdon as the pope's choice for Archbishop of Canterbury. Sanctions, Part III. After all his attacks, he dared to say, whoever is against the pope is not catholic. Those two, along with some others, do not show they will walk out of the Church rather they stay and destroy the flock from inside. It can’t get much simpler than that. Can a Pope Commit Heresy? Sanctions, Part III,” and “Canon Law and the SSPX”). He need not change or dispense the law first. If the number of people who truly understand the general concept of excommunication is small, the percentage who grasp the terms latae sententiae and ferendae sententiae, which are used to describe two different types of penalties, is even tinier. 5. This is particularly the case when the Christian faithful need to know that an authority figure in the Catholic Church is no longer in communion with the Church, and should be avoided. Those teachings bind the Pope, but these are not per se of the law. Still, we saw that we can rest assured Christ will never abandon the Church to error, as He said to Peter in Matthew 16:18-19: And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I just read the recent lecture of cardinal Burke. Sanctions, Part II,” but briefly, no Catholic is subject to any penalty if he is under the age of 16; was ignorant that his action was a violation of the law; was forced to commit the crime, or committed it under fear; acted in self-defense or in the defense of another; or lacked the use of reason (as is the case with mentally ill, mentally handicapped, and senile persons). To read the Kindle versions of my books, without a Kindle device, get the free cloud reader — or — any of the free Kindle reading apps. The concept was addressed in “Am I Excommunicated? Nobody can be excommunicated unless all the conditions of canon 1323 have been met. Most of the excommunications carried out in the last 50 years fall into the category of automatic excommunications. He acts freely and with full knowledge, without fear or coercion; he is well aware that he will be excommunicated as a result… and he does it anyway. Those who reject the Magisterium, grasp at straws seeking its replacement. Apologetics. Therefore, Pope Francis cannot be excommunicated. According to Scripture, a heretic definetly can be excommunicated. Pope Francis has been accepted by the body of Bishops as the Roman Pontiff. When (and How Much) Can a Bishop Tax a Parish. They are included in the law in order to integrate discipline with doctrine. Can I Get an Annulment If My Ex-Spouse Refuses to Cooperate? Pope Saint John Paul II made a law that there can be no more than 120 Cardinal electors. To minimize the possibility of them gathering somewhere and electing an antipope after pope Francis resigns or dies. 1367) A person who physically attacks the pope (can. When it is applied, it’s considered “permanent” insofar as it’s up to the excommunicated party to take the necessary steps to resolve the situation. 1398 and 1329.2; see “Is She Excommunicated? And just as it’s impossible for a sick person to undergo medical treatment without knowing it, it is likewise impossible for a Catholic to be excommunicated without knowing it. It means they are barred from taking communion at Holy Mass. The target did not recently have an excommunication lifted. Can Pope Francis Be Excommunicated? Popes are subject to God alone (a fact which has rightly awed so many of them)—so unless God were to choose to intervene in the situation somehow, the Catholic Church would be stuck. The pope actually doesn’t personally excommunicate many. How could a Pope do any of these things within the Church, if he himself had been removed from communion with that Church? That’s why, as we saw in “Was Theologian Hans Küng Ever Excommunicated?” church officials will in many cases officially warn a Catholic who is engaging in some excommunicable activity that his conduct constitutes an excommunicable offense. {12:4} how he entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? Subscribe to my RSS Feed. Here a bigger sin is committed. Excommunication can be a public process, like the Pope did with the Mafia, or it can be private. Which Mass Fulfills My Sunday Obligation? Luckily, there are only three acts that a pope can commit and that lead to excommunication latae sententiae which can only be lifted by the pope (who cannot do it, if he is excommunicated). If you understand the whole point of excommunicating somebody, you can appreciate that the notion of getting excommunicated “by accident” is perfectly ridiculous, as it makes no theological or canonical sense at all. Refusing First Holy Communion to Children Who Are Ill-Prepared, Ecclesia Supplet: Making Invalid Sacraments Valid, Invalid Baptisms and Unaccountable Clergy. (If you use Google Chrome, first add a Chrome RSS reader or extension.). At the same time, Howard is right that humanly speaking, there is nothing physically stopping a Pope from committing an excommunicable offense, like embracing heresy (c. 1364.1) or being directly involved in procuring an abortion (cc. If the person persists anyway, he obviously will not be able to claim ignorance of the law later on. The penalty is designed to encourage repentance and can … Sanctions, Part II” for more on excommunication and abortion). Therefore, since canon 1370.1 asserts that one is excommunicated for using “physical force” against the Pope, no one can extrapolate from this statement that any other, non-physical sort of violence—such as criticism or verbal abuse—constitutes an excommunicable offense under this canon. Imagine a Pope who had been excommunicated latae sententiae, but was blithely ignoring that fact, continuing to select new diocesan bishops, accept episcopal resignations, create new dioceses, remove high-ranking officials from office, canonize saints, etc. The Pope is above all the provisions of Canon law which are not direct expressions of faith or morals. She founded this website to provide clear answers to canonical questions asked by ordinary Catholics, without employing all the mysterious legalese that canon lawyers know and love. Or by resignation sixth commandment ( can of changes, without guilt successor Clement! Is accepted by the Pope is able to change or dispense the law and. 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