Root Word What It Means; Duct/o: To draw: Fasci/o: Fascia (band of tissue surrounding muscle) Fibr/o: Fibers: Flex/o: Bend: Leiomy/o: Smooth visceral muscle: My/o: Muscle: Myocardi/o: Heart muscle: Myos/o: Muscle: Pronati/o: Facing down or backward: Rhabdomy/o: Skeletal or striated muscle: Sarc/o: Soft, fleshy, or connective tissue: Supinati/o: Facing up or forward: Tens/o: Stretch https://www.ofcp.ca/about-cerebral-palsy. Kinesiologists work in a variety of settings that assist people with pain management, injury prevention, and health promotion through biomechanics (College of Kinesiologists of Ontario, n.d.). To learn more, please visit the Mayo Clinic’s Electromyography web page. something inserted. Paralysis that affects both legs and lower part of the body. Most medical terms are comprised of a root word plus a suffix (word ending) and/or a prefix (beginning of the word). The gluteus maximus is the largest muscle and the heart is the hardest working muscle. Injury to a joint whereby a ligament is stretched or torn. Myology is the study of muscles (the root word my/o means muscle and the suffix -logy means the study of). Figure 17.2 image description: The top panel shows the anterior view of the human body with the major muscles labeled. (Anconeus muscle) ante – L.ante-, prefix meaning in front of, previous to. Fascia is fibrous connective tissue that encloses muscles. Combining Forms. The roots are essential medical terminology knowledge, because once you master these roots (good ol’ Greek and Latin ones, that is), you can break down any muscular-related word and discover its meaning. Highly coordinated contractions of cardiac muscle pump blood into the vessels of the circulatory system. When the muscular system is lax and weak, on the other hand, deformity such as scoliosis is very readily caused. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are many nomenclatures for naming muscles. Scoli/o. Muscles, part 2 – organismal level: Crash course A&P #22 [Video]. Cardiovascular System - Blood Vessels and Blood. Lower back, lumbar region. Neurology profile. https://bodyrestoration.ca/electromyography-test-edmonton-2/, Canadian Medical Associatoin. Oste/o. and is used under a a CC BY 4.0 international license. Paralysis that effects one side of the body. View Test Prep - Muscular System Physiology Study Guide.docx from BIO 102 at Eastern Gateway Community College. Bone marrow. Orthopedic Surgeons are medical doctors who complete an additional 5-years of specialized training in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and surgery of disorders and diseases related to the musculoskeletal systems (Canadian Medical Association, 2018). dense band that connects cardiac muscle cells. The final word for the muscular system group of terms is 'atrophy'. To learn more, visit the College of Kinesiologists of Ontario’s website. The word 'tenodynia' mean pain pertaining to/of the tendon. The main function of the muscular system is to assist with movement. https://muscle.ca/discover-md/types-of-neuromuscular-disorders/, Ontario Federation for Cerebral Palsy. Partial paralysis wherein there is still some control of the muscles. Some causes for this pressure are work related such as keyboarding with improper body mechanics, illness such as arthritis, and even pregnancy (Healthwise Staff, 2018). On the anterior and posterior views of the muscular system above, superficial muscles (those at the surface) are shown on the right side of the body while deep muscles (those underneath the superficial muscles) are shown on the left half of the body. With over 600 muscles in the body, this system is made up of three types of muscles: 1. cardiac muscle (kar’ de ak) is the muscle of the heart Humpback (posterior curvature of thoracic spine) Lamin/o. Disorders of Muscular System •What is tetanus? •Tetanus causes cholinesterase to not break down the acetylcholine in the synapse. Media 17.1 Muscles, Part 2 – Organismal Level: Crash Course A&P #22 [Online video]. WORD: LATIN ROOT 1: LATIN ROOT 2: MEANING: TRANSLATION: abductor digiti minimi: abductor: ab = away from: duct = to move: a muscle that moves away from: A muscle that moves the little finger or toe away: digiti: digitus = digit: n/a: refers to a finger or toe: minimi: minimus = mini, tiny: n/a: little: adductor digiti minimi: adductor: ad = to, toward: duct = to move The bottom panel shows the posterior view of the human body with the major muscles labeled. Skeletal muscles contribute to the maintenance of homeostasis in the body by generating heat. (Antebrachium, anterior) At first you would think this as a hindrance but actually most of the time you could use these names as clues to help you learn the shape of the muscles, their locations and what they do. Skeletal muscles act not only to produce movement but also to stop movement, such as resisting gravity to maintain posture. Canadian Medical Association’s page on Orthopedic Surgery (PDF file). Affects both arms, both legs and sometimes from the neck down. : From the somatic layer are formed A considerable part of the voluntary muscular system of the body. biological process that results in stable equilibrium. An intercalated disc allows the cardiac muscle cells to contract in a wave-like pattern so that the heart can work as a pump. The body contains three types of muscle tissue: skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle  (see Figure 17.1). Overview of the Muscular System. For more details please visit the Canadian Medical Association’s page on Orthopedic Surgery (PDF file). For more details visit the Canadian Medical Association’s page on Neurology profile (PDF File). Myel/o. Body Restoration. Unless otherwise indicated, this chapter contains material adapted from Anatomy and Physiology (on OpenStax), by Betts, et al. 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